Alexander Karpukhin, Vice
president of ICF/EKO Russian-American environmenral consulting company, has over
19 years of experience in the field of environmental protection, with focus on
uniform technology policy in the area of technical and methodical maintenance of
national air pollution control. Prior joining ICF/EKO he worked for the Ministry
of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of the USSR and Russia, where
he progressed in strategic planning in the area of natural resources management
and sustainable environmental regulation, as well as in environmental control.
While being a fellow of the LEAD International Program, Mr.Karpukhin developed
skill in main criterions and goals of sustainable development based on several
case studies in such countries as Cuba, Hungary,Thailand, Zimbabwe and
From 1995, Mr. Karpukhin manages all the ICF/EKO's projects related to Global
environmental issues, including several assignments addressed ODS phaseout in
Russia, GHG emission reduction as well as environmental audit
1. National Environmental Protection Strategy
1.1. Creation of the Russian National System for Environmental Control.
Mr. Karpukhin reviewed operation and potential of existing environmental
monitoring systems (Goskomgidromet, Minvodkhoz and etc.), and evaluated an
environmental, health and ecological safety, using a uniform approach. One of
the main results of this work was a decree No. 1229, adopted by Russian
Government in 1994.
1.2. Development of a Draft Federal Law 'On Atmospheric Air Protection'.
In 1994, Mr. Karpukhin prepared a first draft of the Federal Law 'On Atmospheric
Air Protection', and then he collected comments and agreed the draft law with
interested Russian ministries and agencies, and worked out a revised version of
the draft law. The Russian government passed the law on May 04, 1999.
1.3. National Environmental-Information System. Mr.Karpukhin was directly
engaged in development of the National environmental-information system of the
USSR. He formulated general requirements for automatic ground-based and
aerospace systems of environmental control and monitoring.
1.4. National Strategy on Environmental Instrument Making. Mr. Karpukhin managed
work on developing instructions and technical directions for design of the
environmental pollution control instruments in the USSR. He worked out unified
criteria and standards apllying to the environmental pollution control
instruments used in the USSR and other countries of the Council for Mutual
2. ODS Phaseout Projects.
Mr.Karpukhin provided critical support at all stages of the ODS-related projects
in Russia, including the following:
2.1. Strategy and Proposals for ODS Phaseout in the Use of Halon, Non-insulating
Foam and Solvent Sectors.
Managed work aimed at identification and selection of the most suitable
alternatives to ODS use in Russia, and preparation of the investment project
proposals for 20 enterprises.
2.2. Updating the Project Proposals for the Russian CFC Production Plants.
Managed local activity related with using the spreadsheet models and estimating
the updated incremental cost for seven CFC producers.
2.3. Organizing a Special Funding Initiative for ODS Phaseout in Russia.
Managed local activity including preparation of the World Bank appraisal mission
to the Russian ODS producers.
2.4. Identification, Preparation and Financial Evaluation of Non-insulating
Foams Sub-projects for Funding in the Third Tranche of GEF.
Managed works related with technical and financial screening of enterprises
under consideration, and with preparing the sub-project documentation for each
2.5. ODS Regulatory Framework Development in Russia. Managed local activities
including evaluation of the current ODS policy in Russia; organization of two
workshops, and development recommendations regarding regulatory measures for ODS
phaseout in Russia and enforcement mechanism.
3. GHG emission reduction.
Mr.Karpukhin took part as a project manager in the various projects, conducted
by ICF/EKO, including the following:
3.1. Methane Emissions Reduction in Russian Coal Sector.
Alexander Karpukhin managed the EPA funded project on the coalbed methane
emission reduction in Russia. He organized collection and evaluation of
inventory data on underground and open coal mines, methane content of the coal,
methane emissions, and aggregated cost/benefit data.
3.2.Estimates of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Oil Company.
For the Russian oil company 'SIDANCO', Alexander Karpukhin estimated emissions
of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide from 8 oil producing, processing
and storage facilities. GHG emissions were estimated using indirect calculation
methods and data on fuel consumption (following the IPCC Guidance). In addition,
the specific GHG emissions as well as the potential GHG emissions due to the
electricity consumption by the company's facilities were calculated.
4. Environmental audit
Mr.Karpukhin took part as a project manager in the various projects, conducted
by ICF/EKO for implementation of environmental management system (EMS)in
accordance with ISO 14000 international standarts requirements:
4.1. Environmental Audit of Pulp-and-Paper Mills. The Russian State Committee on
Environmental Protection contracted ICF/EKO to conduct environmental audit of
the Baikalsk Pulp-and-Paper Mills (BPPM) being the largest Russia's mill and a
major source of contamination of the Baikal Lake.Baikal is the oldest and
deepest lake of the world, containing 20% of the world's fresh water. It has
outstanding representation of species, many of which are endemic and threatened
(60% of fauna and 30% of flora), includes three Biosphere Reserves and two
National Parks. But now this unique ecosystem is severely damaged and is in
critical condition because of deleterious regional water and agricultural and
forestry management, and intensive contamination by numerous industrial
facilities. ICF/EKO's team conducted environmental compliance audit based on
comprehensive on-site and in-house studies which included: numerous interview of
BPPM's top managers and specialists as well as of local and regional officials
authorized in environmental protection issues; investigation of all
technological operations and main sources of environmental impact, including
wastewater treatment facilities and landfills; and evaluation of BPPM's
environmental management system. A number of significant environmental issues
related mainly with waste management, specifically, inadequate solid waste
disposal and sewage pipes leakage, were identified.
4.2.Environmental Audit of Ore Mining and Processing Enterprise, Mirny,
Sakha-Yakutia Republic, Russia. ICF/EKO conducted environmental compliance audit
of the Mirny ore mining and processing enterprise, which belongs to the largest
Russian diamond-mining company 'ALROSA'. The audit team investigated operation
of major facilities for the extraction, transportation, storage and processing
of diamond-bearing ore, as well as supportive services, including water supply
and waste water treatment systems, and solid waste disposal. In addition, health
and safety issues were studied. Based on the results acquired in on-site works,
recommendations to improve the environmental management system and mitigate
negative environmental impacts were developed.
4.3. Environmental Audit of Oil Company. For the company 'Lukoil Overseas
Services' , ICF/EKO jointly with ICF Consulting conducted environmental audits
of several oil producing enterprises operating in Kazakhstan (Kumkol' oil field
) and Azerbaijan (Zyh-Govsany oil field). Following the EBRD procedures, the
environmental, health and safety issues were studied and evaluated.
4.4.Improvement of Waste Management System at the Donetsk Iron and Steel Works (Ukraine).
ICF/EKO jointly with an Ukrainian environmental company 'Ukrecoaudit' conducted
an environmental audit at the plant, identified the main environmental concerns
and developed detailed recommendations how to improve the existing waste
management system through introducing principal elements of the environmental
management system based on ISO 14000. The project was funded by US AID under the
program 'Eurasian-American Partnership for Environmentally Sustainable Economies,
Mr. Karpukhin took part as an expert in the following projects:
5.1. Biomonitoring Information System for the Russian Federation. ICF/EKO was
contracted by the Centre for Preparation and Implementation of International
Projects on Technical Assistance (CPPI) to create a Biomonitoring Information
System for the Russian Federation. The System is dedicated to provide collection,
storage, processing and efficient supply for interested parties the urgent
information on the biodiversity status and conservation mechanisms. The project
resulted also in development of an Internet portal at the CPPI
Information-Analytical Centre of the GEF project. The contract was funded under
the GEF project 'Biodiversity Conservation in the Russian Federation'.